Copyright

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General Info

 

Copyright is an established by the legislation right of some persons to works of science, literature or art created by creative activity of the same or other persons.

Accrual of copyright is directly connected with the fact work creation and no any special registration is nor required.

Work is a result of creative author activity. To be protected a work has to arise in author’s mind and to receive an objective form of expression that is to become available for perception of others. Article 1259 of the Russian Civil Code directly establishes that objects of copyright are works of science, literature and art, including literary, musical, audiovisual works, works of painting, a sculpture, graphics, design and others. Computer programs are also objects of copyright (they are protected as literary works).

Initially, an author possesses an exclusive right to his work. This right can be transferred to any third part under a contract (license contract, contract on alienation of an exclusive right for work).

A right-holder is authorized to put a sign of protection of copyright to notify the third parties about the rights.

Under the law a work is protected during author’s lifetime and 70 years after his death (last of authors at a co-authorship).

Personal non-property rights of the author are protected without any time limits.

 

Trademark

Trademark is a symbol used to individualize goods and/or services provided by market participants, both legal entities and businessmen.

 

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Utility model

A utility model is a technical improvement of already existing or again created mechanism or device, a new embodiment of idea which allows to solve a certain problem in any area of engineering.
 

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Invention

Invention is a new solution of a task in any sphere that gives a positive effect and relates to a device, substance, a microorganism strain, culture of cells of plants or animals and also to a method.
 

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Industrial sample

Industrial sample is a new original solution of a product defining its design and properties: its form, configuration, ornament and combination of colors.
 

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Copyright

Copyright is an established by the legislation right of some persons to works of science, literature or art created by creative activity of the same or other persons.
 

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Contracts

A contract provides and guarantees realization and protection of property rights of a right-holder.
 

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International registration

Trademark registration according to Madrid procedude.
 

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