Objects of intellectual property (further - objects of IP) – such as trademarks, computer programs, maps, photos, paintings, advertisement - are everywhere. The list of objects of IP (The Russian Civil Code divides them into results of intellectual activity and means of individualization) is quite extensive and provided in article 1225 of the Russian Civil code. The need of using results of intellectual activity or means of an individualization arises quite often. For example, one may need to place someone else's photo on the site, to produce a disk with a set of certain melodies, to mark a product with a trademark, to use someone's drawing as a book cover , etc. However, there is a right-holder of any object of IP and only to him an exclusive right belongs (this right gives an authority to supervise use of object of IP and to gain income from its use).
Before start enjoying any object of IP it is necessary to find out a right-holder and make a contract. Quite often a right-holder is an author himself, but sometimes it is another person (for example, an author employer).
The possibility to use a result of intellectual activity without permission may be tempting but it can entail administrative, civil and criminal liability.
A contract on alienation of an exclusive right and license are the most widespread ways of disposition of an exclusive right. However, there are also other contracts providing a transition of an exclusive right. For example, a contract of mortgage of exclusive rights, a contract signed on the basis of the open license, a contract of commercial concession.
The Card Patent renders services in registration of contracts.